New Data Finds THC Is the Real Medicine in Medical MJ


Move Aside, CBD: New Data Finds THC Is the Real Medicine in Medical Marijuana


This story appears in the May 2019 issue of Green Entrepreneur. Subscribe »

Over the past 20 years, a simple narrative has emerged about cannabis: CBD is the medicine in medical marijuana, now available in 34 states, and THC is the intoxicant in adult-use  marijuana that’s legal in 10 states. Two different compounds; two  different markets.

That narrative, along with the groundswell of  belief in the curative properties of CBD (cannabidiol) as it’s being  added to every sort of food, beverage, cream, potion, and lotion, drove  more than $600 million in sales in 2018. And according to an analysis by  the Brightfield Group, the CBD market is projected to grow to $22  billion by 2022 -- a number fueled by the recent federal legalization of  hemp, from which cannabinoid can be derived. Reinforcing the cannabis  duality, under the new law all things CBD must essentially be free of  THC (tetrahydrocannabinol); hemp cannot exceed 0.3 percent of the  psychoactive compound. 


But new research is throwing a giant curveball at all this. Published  in the journal Scientific Reports, the study analyzed data from more  than 3,300 medical marijuana patients who used an app called Releaf to  track how various products -- flower, tinctures, edibles, etc. --  affected their symptoms. Over 21 months, every time subjects consumed a  product, they recorded the ratio of THC to CBD listed on the label, and  the relief in their symptoms, which ranged from anxiety and depression  to chronic pain and seizures.

The researchers found that among  nearly 20,000 sessions recorded by patients, the average improvement of  symptoms was 3.5 points on an 11-point scale that went from zero (not  detectable) to 10 (severe). But the zinger was this: The higher the THC  level, the more relief the patients got -- which was not true of CBD.  “In our study, CBD appeared to have little effect at all,” says coauthor  Jacob Miguel Vigil, Ph.D., associate professor in the department of  psychology at the University of New Mexico. “But THC generated  measurable improvements.” 

Sarah See Stith, Ph.D., another  coauthor and assistant professor in the department of economics at the  university, suggests the results could be due to the fact that the app  measures immediate symptom relief, while CBD has a more subtle,  long-term effect. Or, perhaps, the THC needs a threshold amount of CBD  to have a benefit. “We just don’t know, but when you compare flower and  concentrates, the THC is what jumps out as having an effect,” she says.  “And that goes against the common dogma.”

The study also challenges the wisdom of isolating CBD, an already booming industry anticipating runaway growth since the legalization of hemp. Patients reported the best results from smoking or vaping  dried whole flower (usually the least expensive cannabis product  available). “Reformulation makes business sense,” says Franco  Brockelman, cofounder and CEO of Releaf, “but if you think about nature  and plants, there is a lot of inherent natural design in cannabis, and  it’s a bit of hubris to think at this point you can improve on that by  dissecting it. There is a lot to be said for whole-plant medicine and  using it that way.”


Brockelman got the idea for the app in 2014 when his mother agreed to  explore legal medical marijuana after many years of failed conventional  treatments for her psoriatic arthritis. She’d never smoked or been a  drinker and received a Massachusetts medical marijuana card that allowed  her access to a dispensary. But there was no guidance for selecting an  effective product, which made the whole process daunting.

Brockelman  decided to create a company that would assist people like his mother.  He realized, he says, that “if we could provide patients with a good  journal, they could help themselves, and we could look at that aggregate  data to help dispensaries to know more about their products.” 

Releaf  has made its data available in anonymous form to the University of New  Mexico researchers for ongoing studies. Vigil argues that the findings  they’ve already published make a compelling case for federally  legalizing THC. “It is curious that THC is still the single chemical  that is illegal and not available for research,” he says, “and yet it’s  got the most therapeutic potential.” Of course, this research is just  one study on a subject that notoriously lacks strong research. But if  the findings are right, they could widely reshape the green industry  going forward.

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Why CBD oil is better than prescription painkillers


Why CBD oil is better than prescription painkillers

 by Richard Holt
With  vast numbers of people taking addictive and hazardous prescription  painkillers, more investment needs to be made into natural,  cannabis-derived alternatives like CBD.
Anyone who has suffered from chronic pain will know that the effect on your life can be extremely corrosive.
Next  time you see someone walking down the street looking miserable,  consider this: maybe back pain kept them awake all night, and now that  same pain has formed a pincer-movement with the tiredness, making it  extremely difficult not to look like a grumpy sod.
Lots of people are  in pain, and there are many potential remedies, both under and over the  counter, inside and outside of the law.
Let us consider two: opiates and cannabis.
Opiates  include drugs like tramadol and oxycodone – semi-synthesised,  opium-derived drugs in the same group as heroin. They are highly  addictive, can kill you if you take too much, and yet are prescribed by  doctors to hundreds of millions of people around the world.
Cannabis  is a plant that has been used effectively for thousands of years,  causes no physical dependency, and has never been shown to cause a  single fatality. The downside is that in most of the world, including  the UK, using it makes you a criminal.
There is, however, an alternative that is legal – at least for now. Cannabidiol,  or CBD, is a compound that is found in cannabis and hemp plants. It  does not contain any of the psychoactive part of cannabis – the THC – so  it does not get you ‘high’.
But CBD oil has been found by many people to be effective at reducing pain and inflammation, as well as tackling insomnia.
A recent study suggested that there were 250,000 users in the UK alone. It has become  particularly popular among sportsmen because of the effect it has on  recovery.
Trent Scanlen founded, a company selling CBD oil, after finding that it helped during his recovery from cancer.
I  used CBD through my cancer treatment as it helped me sleep, made me  less anxious and also allowed me to reduce the cocktail of drugs that I  was on. I talked to one of my doctors about it and he said that  lots of his patients used it and got great results but at the time it  was illegal so he wasn’t allowed to prescribe it.’
Since 2016, CBD  has been classed as a medicine in the UK and there have been a few cases  where it has been prescribed on the NHS. Earlier this year 11-year-old  Billy Caldwell, who suffers from severe epilepsy, saw an ‘incredible’  reduction in the number of seizures he was suffering.
He had  originally been given CBD by doctors in the US, but when he returned  home to Northern Ireland his GP continued the prescription.
There is also some limited use of CBD on the NHS to treat multiple sclerosis.
But  such cases are very rare – doctors will only ever prescribe it in  exceptional cases until there is significant investment into clinical  trials to demonstrate its effectiveness.
Drugs expert Dr Henry Fisher, policy director from the medical think-tank Volteface,  said: ‘There are millions of people in the UK currently experiencing  chronic pain, for which the main pharmaceutical treatments on offer are  either anti-inflammatory drugs, gabapentinoids or opioids.
‘By  excluding cannabis-derived medicines from the doctor’s toolbox, access  to some of the most effective options for pain relief is being  prevented.
Side effects from chronic use of opioids and  other pain medication can be severe, and not everyone responds  positively to the same treatments, which is why having more options  available for doctors to prescribe is hugely important.
Money  is being put into research – Oxford University, for example, has  announced a £10million programme to test all of the compounds in  cannabis – but the scale is limited. The Government still describes  cannabis as a ‘harmful drug’ and this stance seems to have set it  against the use of anything associated with cannabis, even compounds  like CBD with no psychoactive effects.
A lot of the reluctance to put the necessary investment into cannabis-derived products stems from outdated views on drugs.


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Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism


Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism

 Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism

Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism Medical-Cannabis-is-Healing-Autism-250x250Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism
Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism –  autism spectrum, also known as autistic spectrum, autism spectrum,  autism or the Short Name, is sequencing syndromes that have a clear  common denominator with classic autism. All syndromes are called jargon  too pervasive developmental disorder.

In the past, the spectrum  was divided L”aotizm Classic “and various phenomena mentioned it, but  now classic autism and some of those symptoms are considered L”aotizm”,  while another part of the phenomena is not considered more autism. DSM  before, called the DSM-IV generalized spectrum, alongside autism classic  the Asperger Syndrome and disturbing the social Pervasive Developmental  not associated with (PDD-NOS) “, as alongside
Tourette’s syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), despite Ssiicotn spectrum was less obvious .
Autism  is not a specific disease are a number of symptoms diagnosed on the  autistic spectrum. There are some doctors diagnosed ADHD syndrome  Asfbrgr part of the spectrum Haotisti.aotizm overall situation is  characterized by many: lack of social competence, communication  difficulties and repetitive behaviors and introverted.

Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism – some types of autism are considered to be the product of a lack of  protein (or too low amount) Ando Knboaidi type are naturally in our  bodies and they are their equivalent plant world are the T Hitz C. and  CIA me enough. This is true for a few more dances that are not related  to autism. Many research institutions in place because of the  relationship between material Hknboaidi we have in our body to that  medical cannabis is likely to effectively treat autism resulting from  this can be compensated in treating medical cannabis.
Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism -btifol through many donations of medical cannabis symptoms of autism  are considered less desirable, for example: self-injury, destruction of  property, panic attacks, aggression and tantrums.
A study done in  2013 on the effects of the system Hanknboaidit autism found many effects  at the level of neurons leads to a reduction in behaviors unwanted  described examinee. The study relies on a second study in the same year  and studied the effects on different areas of the brain of the active  ingredients of cannabis and how they impact positively on candidates  with autism.
Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism – US research team found in 2013 the relationship between medical  cannabis active ingredients for the bodies of children who are dealing  with autism. Because of the known relationship between the immune system  active substances of medical cannabis and the relationship of the  immune system appears autism in children Ask the authors examine whether  strengthening the immune system of a child is able to curb the  phenomenon of autism in children diagnosed with levels Knboaidim lower  body and brain (mostly). the study was done at the Department of  Pharmacology at the university of Nepal described autism as a disorder  neurological developmental induced genetic reasons and environmental  issues that affect the body. the team explains shown autism as a lack of  regulation and immune system cells in our blood Had behaving  differently in children who are dealing with autism.
The researchers  took a group of children who are dealing with autism and a group of  children “healthy” and compared the CB2 protein count in the group with  autism to that of the group “Creation” using medical marijuana.
Set  investigating team would be expected due to the increase in protein  associated with the regulation of this behavior can be viewed at the  moment with autism and relieving treatment.
Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism – there are many studies that focus on the medicinal properties of  medical cannabis in the treatment of autism. Many studies have focused  on protein activity and CB2 receptors CB1 known as the effect of these  proteins to the immune system and cellular activity of cells in the  body.

Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism – the  stories of children who struggle with autism and use medical marijuana  stands out a whole story Sam boy of eight from the United States and how  medical marijuana has improved his life. Lifestyle of Sam and  particularly unwanted behaviors such as screaming, kicking and spitting  measured to understand the change in future medical cannabis make the  life of Sam. the experiment that started in 2008 brought to an end  following conclusions about the life of Sam after treatment of autism  with whom he deals using medical marijuana and the conclusions are:  medical cannabis took a significant amount unwanted behaviors and helped  Sam to raise quality his life. Sam’s parents testified that Sam seems  happier before medical cannabis therapy and noted the following  improvements in the three categories of great improvement, improvement  of medium and little improvement.
A big improvement Sam’s parents  documented: a significant decline in tears for no reason, a significant  decrease in anxiety attacks, a significant drop lack of cooperation.
Moderate  improvement Sam’s parents found improvement in the way Sam share this  he is happy, improvement in dealing with sudden ions schedule and more.
Improving Moat- recorded Sam’s parents: better learning abilities, better social behavior towards classmates and others.
Sam’s  case the trial was stopped after six years in 2014 after the parents of  Sam and all the surroundings have been convinced long ago the plant’s  medicinal properties of cannabis and how they helped Sam to flourish.  Today Sam medical cannabis use between 4 to 6 times a week, especially  in the late afternoon. Bassam treatment using medical cannabis during  these six years, Sam helped build social relationships and grow a happy  boy who suffers fewer unpleasant symptoms that accompany autism.
As  can be seen from the case of Sam medical cannabis treatment has improved  the quality of his life and his parents and helped them:

Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism – conclusion can review the information we provide and see that medical  effect can be affections so much with autism, through the merits of  medical marijuana and its active ingredients we can

cope with  autism. Most studies have focused on receptors CB1 and CB2, the protein  due to impact much on the body and in this case the immune system and  the body’s nervous directly related to autism. We have also seen how the  studies support the use of cannabis to treat autism or rather treat  symptoms, especially unwanted behavioral autism appear. Medical cannabis  has been shown to decrease aggression and anxiety in autistic and  affects different social behaviors for the better.

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Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism

Published on Jan 4, 2017       Medical Cannabis is Healing Autism For this article and more:  

Cannabis May Lead To Complete Remission Of Crohn’s Disease


Cannabis May Lead To “Complete Remission” Of Crohn’s Disease, Says Study

 Crohn’s disease is a type of intestinal  inflammation issue that is likely caused by the immune system  essentially attacking otherwise harmless bacteria or food causing  inflammation in the gut and bowels. It causes great pain and discomfort  and often times surgery is needed to remove pieces of the intestines  that are too badly inflamed to heal.
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To  many doctors, this is considered a mystery illness; as there is no  known cause and some doctors believe it is an autoimmune disease.  Luckily, new research has shown how cannabis has provided a complete  remission from this disease for those participants who were involved in  this study.The study, which was conducted in October 2013 and was published in the journal, Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology,  involved the use of the effects of the marijuana plant aka Cannabis  Sativa, had on patients’ and their symptoms of Crohn’s disease and  Irritable Bowel Disorder (IBD.) It included 21 patients (13 men and 8  women) suffering from Crohn’s disease and other IBD’s in a controlled  setting. The average age of the participants was 40-years-old. Every  single person involved in this study had previously tried treating their  disorder with steroidal therapy, immunomodulators or anti-tumor agents  with no luck.The researchers split the  patients into two groups, eleven of them were given rolled cannabis to  smoke that contained 115 mg of THC, two times daily. The remaining group  acting as the placebo group were also given rolled cannabis to smoke,  only this time it contained no THC.

The Findings Were As Follows,

By the end of the study, the researchers found:

  • Complete remission in 5 of the 11 subjects in the THC cannabis group
  • Clinical  responses in 10 of the 11 subjects in the Cannabis THC group, meaning  their Crohn’s Disease Activity Index went from >200 to >100
  • 3 out of the 11 subjects in the cannabis THC group were weaned form steroid dependency.
  • Every one of the 11 participants in the THC group reported having improved sleeps and appetite, with no notable side effects.

Despite  the promising research, researchers are still questioning whether the  effects of cannabis on symptoms of Crohn’s disease and Crohn’s flareups  are actually masking the root cause of the issue, which is still  considered a mystery. Cannabis appears to be an effective method of  treatment because it has been found that those suffering from Crohn’s  actually produce fewer endocannabinoids, which is the body’s natural THC  production. This is why providing cannabinoids for the receptors that  are naturally in your body can help to combat inflammation that is  caused by Crohn’s or IBD.
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Is Marijuana A Viable Treatment For Crohn’s Disease?

At  the very least, the research that was conducted shows how it is  definitely worth a shot, a potential cure with no side effects? Really,  there is nothing to lose by just trying it out and seeing if it works  for you. It’s a very simple method that could provide life-changing  benefits.There are a few action steps that should be taken if you are looking to consider this as an option for yourself…1.  Make an appointment with your doctor to assess your symptoms, mention  this article or the study that shows how cannabis can be a potential  treatment option.2. If medical marijuana is  legal in your state and your doctor agrees that it could be a potential  cure, then continue with a prescription for medical marijuana.3.  Some medical marijuana dispensaries will provide you with a card if you  already have a prescription for painkillers or something similar, or if  you tell them that you are in pain and need something to help. This  would be a last resort option if you were unable to get a prescription  from the doctor.

What If You Don’t Have Access To Medical Marijuana?

Move. Just kidding. Ultimately, this disease is related to the diet in some sense. Author of the hugely successful book, Medical Medium, Anthony William has provided some amazing tools and resources in his book, online blog posts and in the form of podcasts where he shares the foods that are triggers and which should be avoided  at all costs, foods that heal, restore and repair our gut and entire  digestive system, and herbal supplements to offer support.Cannabis May Lead To “Complete Remission” Of Crohn’s Disease, Says Study Nav_logo_white2
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Thousands  of people have had success from following the Medical Medium’s  protocol, I highly suggest the aforementioned book above for healing.  Realistically, diet is the most important part of true healing here, and  although cannabis is a viable option for treating symptoms, it is  important to really get to the root cause of the issue and heal the  issues that are causing this problem in the first place.Don’t  forget – all illness’ manifest in order to show you something. Maybe  something in your life is not working for you, maybe your diet needs to  change, maybe you, yourself are in need of a big change. If you try to  see the illness as an opportunity to stop, see what’s not working and  truly heal instead of resisting it, despite the fact that it may be very  painful and difficult, the whole process may become easier for you.  Don’t forget, mystery illness or not, our bodies are perfectly capable  of healing themselves if given the right environment. 

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8 Amazing Facts About the Endocannabinoid System


8 Amazing Facts About the Endocannabinoid System – and Why We Should Tell the World About It

(Mary BilesDid you know your body has an endocannabinoid system? A year ago I didn’t either.

Source - Wake Up World

by  Mary Biles, November 6th, 2017

I’m  no doctor, but I thought I was familiar with the key biological systems  in the body. Turns out though, I was wrong. That’s because unless  you’re a research scientist or work in the field of medical cannabis, it’s unlikely you’ll ever have been told about the endocannabinoid system. And yet, it has been hailed as “the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health.”

Why do so few people know about the endocannabinoid system?

So  what’s the big mystery? Well, it might have something to do with how  the endocannabinoid system (ECS) was discovered. Back in the 1990s  scientists were trying to understand how THC, the psychoactive substance in the cannabis plant,  elicits its effect on the body. What they uncovered was a complex  network of receptors (CB1) in the brain and central nervous system that  were a perfect fit for the THC molecule.

Soon after another type  of receptor (CB2) was discovered in the immune system, gut and many of  the body’s major organs. But that was only part of the puzzle. The hunt  was on to find out whether the body produced its own cannabis-like  chemicals, and with the identification of the first endocannabinoid  Anandamide, they had their answer.
What does the endocannabinoid system do?

What  scientists have realised is that the endocannabinoid system fine-tunes  most of our vital physiological functions, bringing balance to  everything from sleep, appetite, pain, inflammation, memory, mood and  even reproduction. So in basic terms, it’s like a conductor of an  orchestra, ensuring that no one section is drowning out the other, with  the end result a perfectly harmonised symphony between body and mind.

Sounds  like pretty important work, right? Well, you’d be right. That’s why  it’s vital that the ECS becomes as much part of everyday parlance as the  immune system. So to get the ball rolling, here are 8 fascinating facts  about the totally awesome endocannabinoid system.

1. Humans aren’t alone in having an ECS

As  humans beings we’re not special for having an ECS. Not only is the  endocannabinoid system found in all vertebrates, but scientists also  discovered cannabinoid receptors in non-vertebrate sea-squirts,  suggesting an evolutionary process dating back 600 million years ago.
2. CB1 receptors are the most abundant neurotransmitter receptors in the brain

Most  of us have heard of neurotransmitters – they’re the chemicals that  communicate information throughout the brain and body. Serotonin and  dopamine are perhaps the most well known examples, but it’s the  endocannabinoid Anandamide, also classed as a neurotransmitter, that has  the most receptors in the brain.

3. Endocannabinoids signal backwards

Most  neurotransmitters communicate in one direction: from the signaling  neuron to the postsynoptic neuron. But in the endocannabinoid system, it  works in the opposite direction, which is called retrograde signaling.  This means that if a receptor is being over- or under-stimulated, it  signals backwards across the synapse telling the signaling neuron to  change its behaviour, creating a kind of feedback loop. So in effect,  rather than distributing information like other neurotransmitters, it  acts like a kind of dimmer switch, turning activity up or down in order  to return the body to homeostasis.

4. Increased endocannabinoid system activity has been noted in many diseases

As  the endocannabinoid system’s modus operandi is to bring balance to the  body, it’s no surprise then that scientists have observed elevated ECS  activity in a number of illnesses. Everything from neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, to rheumatoid arthritis and cancer,  have shown changes in endocannabinoid levels and greater receptor  expression. The conclusion that has been most widely reached is that  this increased activity denotes the ECS trying to fulfil its role of  returning the body to equilibrium again.

5. ‘Endocannabinoid System Deficiency’ may be a cause of some illnesses

But  what happens if the ECS becomes depleted? Scientists have observed how  in certain conditions associated with oversensitivity to pain such as  migraines, fibromyalgia and IBS, the ECS appears to have become weakened. The theory is known as Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency, with the corollary being that by supplementing the body with compounds  from the cannabis plant, this deficiency can be corrected and the  symptoms improved.

6. The ECS explains why medicinal cannabis has a therapeutic effect

Prior  to 20th century prohibition, cannabis had been used for thousands of  years to treat a whole host of ailments from epilepsy, headaches,  arthritis, pain, depression and nausea. Back then nobody knew why the  plant showed such therapeutic versatility. The discovery of the  endocannabinoid system soon shone new light onto the medicinal effects of cannabis. Sadly, this has coincided with a time when the vast majority of the population have been precluded from accessing it.

According to Dustin Sulak, a leading medical cannabis expert:

“Research  has shown that small doses of cannabinoids from cannabis can signal the  body to make more endocannabinoids and build more cannabinoid  receptors… I believe that small, regular doses of cannabis might act as a  tonic to our most central physiologic healing system.”

7. You don’t have to break the law to give your endocannabinoid system a boost

Currently,  medical cannabis-friendly countries are in the minority across the  planet. So what can you do if can’t legally access the plant? Well, you  could consider trying CBD, a non-psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant, that has a whole host of health benefits such as reducing inflammation, calming feelings of anxiety, and even lowering the frequency of epileptic seizures. CBD is normally extracted from cannabis plants with less than 0.2% THC,  commonly referred to as hemp or industrial hemp, allowing it to be  bought legally in most countries worldwide.

Another option is to peel yourself off the sofa and get moving. Scientists have found that prolonged aerobic exercise increases levels of the feel-good endocannabinoid, Anandamide.

Diet is also a useful target. Increasing Omega 3 found in oily fish or healthy seeds like flax or hemp, can help support  endocannabinoid brain signalling. Leafy green vegetables are also  thought to stimulate the ECS as they contain beta-caryophyllene which activates the CB2 receptor.

8. Most doctors know very little about the endocannabinoid system

With  the ECS playing such a central role in our health, you would think that  any self respecting member of the medical profession would have some  knowledge of its existence. But in mainstream medicine, the  endocannabinoid system remains rather a pariah.

In 2013 a survey was conducted asking medical school in the United States whether the  ECS formed part of their curriculum. The authors found that only “13%  teach the endocannabinoid system to future doctors.”

A lot can  change in four years, and while in some European countries such as the  UK and Spain the ECS does make it onto some medical school syllabuses,  it cannot be denied that the majority of professionals in charge of our  healthcare remain very much in the dark.

So now you’re  endocannabinoid savvy, there’s no turning back. Join me and start  spreading the word to all that will listen. It’s time that the ECS is  given the attention it deserves both by our healthcare providers and the  public at large. If like me you feel moved to take action, why not  start by speaking to your doctor? Have they heard of the endocannabinoid  system? You never know, perhaps you are the very person to inform them.

Cannabidiol and Magnesium Help Treats Diabetes


Cannabidiol and Magnesium Help Treats Diabetes

“The  Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta declares that 33% of the  babies born this year will be diabetic by the year 2050. – Dr. Alan  Cantwell”
Cannabidiol and Magnesium Help Treats Diabetes
With permission from

Dr. Eddy Bettermann MD

July 28, 2018
There  is nothing more needed in medicine today than a way of treating  diabetes and metabolic syndrome because these syndromes lead directly to  cancer, heart disease and stroke. I wrote New Paradigms in Diabetic Care to address what doctors and medical officials are loath to face—the  real causes of diabetes. Diabetes is not the hopeless disease that most  doctors would have us believe. There are safe treatments and lifestyle  changes that will prevent diabetes from destroying your life.
The  Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta declares that 33% of the  babies born this year will be diabetic by the year 2050. – Dr. Alan  Cantwell
When we find out that diabetes and metabolic syndrome are caused by toxic insults from heavy metals, radiation exposure and chemicals running smack into major nutritional deficiencies,  we begin to stumble upon treatment pathways that actually work.  Diabetes is actually an extremely serious warning to civilization; it is  an announcement that the rising tide of radiation, mercury, other  deadly chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs are poisoning humanity. The  cost of not treating diabetes in a truly effective way is steep.  Diabetes can contribute to, among other things, eye disorders and  blindness, kidney failure, amputation, nerve damage, heart disease and  stroke.  Diabetes makes pregnancy more difficult and can cause birth  defects.
Populations are being simultaneously poisoned and starved by the food they eat.

Dangerous or Safe Approaches to Diabetes

What  we are introducing in this chapter is a pair of medicinals that will  positively impact diabetic treatment. Magnesium chloride and cannabinoid  medicine together shame contemporary medicine’s shockingly dangerous  approach, which cures no one. “Conventional drug treatment for diabetes  does not have a good track record. Prescription drugs have various side  effects and are associated with severe health complications. Several  researchers have revealed that long-term use of some common diabetes  drugs can increase the risk of cancer and heart disease. An analysis of  five-year data collected from an ongoing 10-year study, conducted by  Takeda Pharmaceuticals, showed a link between the common anti-diabetes  drug Actos and increased risk of bladder cancer”, writes Dr. Marc Ott.
80% of patients use 2 or more diabetes drugs every day.
The  Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requires oral diabetes medicines to  carry a warning regarding increased risk of heart attack. Medications  for type-2 diabetes actually do more harm than good. In February 2008,  researchers heading a large, government-funded trial made a sobering  announcement. The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes  (ACCORD) study, designed to evaluate the effectiveness of various  medication regimens, found that the most intensive drug regimens aimed  at driving blood sugar way down resulted in a much higher cardiovascular  death rate. Intensive blood-sugar-lowering treatment proved to be so  harmful that the researchers halted the study 18 months early to prevent  this aggressive drug use from killing even more people.
Avandia  raises the risk of heart attacks and possibly deaths. Yet more than 6  million people worldwide have taken the drug to control blood sugar  since it came on the market 12 years ago.
Medical science has  known about the fatal complications of diabetes drugs since 1969 when  results of a similar study called the University Group Diabetes Program  were made public. That study also had to be stopped two years early  because participants who were taking the drugs had a 250-300 percent  higher death rate than those taking the placebo.[2]
Dr Julian Whitaker says that, “The majority of patients with type-2 diabetes who come to  the Whitaker Wellness Institute are taking at least one oral medication.  We stop these drugs on sight. If they’re on insulin and they’re  overweight, we stop the insulin as well. Giving insulin to heavy type-2  diabetics is a recipe for further weight gain and does more harm than  good. As you might imagine, this is a new concept. Patients are  conditioned to trust their doctors, who have convinced them of the  absolute necessity of taking drugs to lower blood sugar. However, once  they hear the truth about diabetes drugs, most of our patients opt to  stop their medications and adopt a much healthier treatment approach  targeted at lowering blood sugar and reducing risk of heart disease and  other complications.”
Most pain and anti-inflammatory medications are not safe; even the overthe-counter  pain medications hold unforeseen dangers. Despite more than a decade’s  worth of research showing that taking too much acetaminophen can ruin the liver, the number of severe, unintentional poisonings from the drug is on the rise, a 2005 study reports.[3] The drug, acetaminophen, is best known under the brand name Tylenol.  Compounds containing Tylenol include Excedrin, Midol Teen Formula,  Theraflu, Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold Medicine, NyQuil Cold and Flu and Paracetamol as well as other over-the-counter drugs and many prescription narcotics, like Vicodin and Percocet.

Inflammation, Magnesium and Diabetes

Inflammation plays a key role in a set of disorders that include type-2 diabetes,  obesity, and heart disease—collectively called the metabolic syndrome  (or Syndrome X). Dr. Steve Shoelson, a professor of medicine at Harvard  Medical School has focused squarely on inflammation. Epidemiologists  have found that patients with type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease  have slightly elevated levels of inflammatory markers in their  bloodstream.
Magnesium deficiency is pro-inflammatory. Magnesium  deficiency induces insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia,  endothelial activation and prothrombic changes in combination with the  upregulation of markers of inflammation and oxidative stress.[4] Though it is magnesium that modulates cellular events involved in  inflammation, we can find another powerful and exceptionally safe  medicine that can head inflammation off at the pass.   When we  understand the process of inflammation, and treat it with magnesium  chloride, and other of my protocol items (Cannabinoids[5]) we can put an end to a large amount of suffering.
Inflammatory  reactions in the body are a valuable predictor of impending heart  attack. Magnesium deficiency causes and underpins chronic inflammatory  buildups. Magnesium deficiencies feed the fires of inflammation and  pain. Increases in extracellular magnesium concentration cause a  decrease in the inflammatory response. Magnesium literally puts the chill on inflammation especially when used transdermally.
Dr. Andrzej Mazur [6] said, “Magnesium deficiency induces a systemic stress response by activation of neuro endocrinological pathways. Magnesium  deficiency contributes to an exaggerated response to immune stress and  oxidative stress is the consequence of the inflammatory response.”  Magnesium improves and helps correct insulin sensitivity, which is the  fundamental defect that characterizes pre-diabetes, metabolic syndrome  and even full blown diabetes and heart disease. An intracellular enzyme  called tyrosine kinase requires magnesium to allow insulin to exert its blood-sugar-lowering effects. In several studies, daily oral magnesium supplementation substantially  improved insulin sensitivity by 10% and reduced blood sugar by 37%.[7],[8]
Let’s Not Forget the Sun. Researchers  from Tuffs and Harvard are telling us that daily supplements of vitamin  D boosts the function of the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.[9]

Medical Marijuana and Diabetes

Dr.  Gregory T. Carter, Clinical Associate Professor of Rehabilitation  Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine says, “Marijuana  is a complex substance containing over 60 different forms of  cannabinoids, the active ingredients. Cannabinoids are now known to have  the capacity for neuromodulation via direct, receptor-based mechanisms  at numerous levels within the nervous system. These have therapeutic  properties that may be applicable to the treatment of neurological  disorders including anti-oxidative, neuroprotective, analgesic and anti-inflammatory actions, immunomodulation, modulation of glial cells and tumor growth regulation.[10] Intracellular changes and altered signaling of the neurons seems to be the principle effects of the cannabinoids in marijuana.
Cannabinoids  reduced inflammation in the brain and prevented cognitive decline.  Cannabinoids have also been shown to alleviate neuropathic pain.[11]
Marijuana has strong anti-inflammatory effects. “This is why I believe that people who used marijuana a few decades ago are much less likely to develop any disease, such as  Alzheimer’s, that relies upon the slow development of brain  inflammation,” said Dr. Gary Wenk. The recent discovery of an endogenous  cannabinoid system with specific receptors and ligands (compounds that  activate receptors and trigger their characteristic responses) has  increased our understanding of the actions of marijuana. Excessive inflammatory responses can emerge as a potential danger for organisms’ health. Physiological balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory processes  constitutes an important feature of responses against harmful events.
There  is mounting evidence pointing to dysfunction of the endocannabinoid  system having an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes  and obesity.[12] Insulin-induced glucose uptake increases with increasing THC concentration.
Professor Mike Cawthorne and the pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline believe that plant-based  medicines might be the way to approach the treatment of diabetes. The  particular plant they are studying is marijuana. Cannabis is an excellent anti-inflammatory that lacks the side effects of steroids, the NSAIDS, and the COX-2  inhibitors like Vioxx. This anti-inflammatory action may help quell the  arterial inflammation common in diabetes.
Cannabidiol (CBD)[13] arrested the onset of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice in a 2007 study.  Researchers at Hadassah University Hospital in Jerusalem [14] in 2006 reported that injections of 5 mg per day of CBD (10-20  injections) significantly reduced the prevalence of diabetes in mice  from an incidence of 86 percent in non-treated controls to an incidence  of only 30 percent. In a separate experiment, investigators reported  that control mice all developed diabetes at a median of 17 weeks (range  15-20 weeks) while a majority (60 percent) of CBD-treated mice remained  diabetes-free at 26 weeks. Investigators also reported that CBD significantly lowered plasma levels of the pro-inflammatory cykotines(proteins), INF-gamma and TNF-alpha, and significantly reduced the severity of insulitis compared to non-treated controls.
Cannabidiol – CBD – CBD  also occurs in almost all strains and is the second most interesting  cannabinoid in regards to medical cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD lacks  noticeable psychoactive effects. Nevertheless, CBD has valuable medical  properties. CBD appears to work synergistically with THC,  bolstering its medical effects while moderating its psycho-activity. It  is also thought to improve wakefulness and to enhance THC’s activity  against pain. Taken by itself CBD has anti-inflammatory, antianxiety,  anti-epileptic, sedative and neuro-protective actions. It is also a  potent anti-oxidant, protecting against chemical damage due to  oxidation. Studies have suggested that CBD could protect against the  development of diabetes, certain kinds of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis,  brain and nerve damage due to stroke, alcoholism, nausea, inflammatory  bowel disease and Huntington’s disease.
Researchers concluded that  confirmation of the observed immunomodulatory effects of CBD “may lead  to the clinical application of this agent in the prevention of type-1 diabetes”  and possibly other autoimmune diseases. They note that many patients  diagnosed with type-1 diabetes have sufficient residual cells that  produce insulin at the time of diagnosis, and may be candidates for  immunomodulation therapy.
Bioactive cannabinoids have an  anti-inflammatory effect. Marijuana can also be used to make topical  creams to relieve neuropathic pain and tingling in hands and feet.  Cannabis helps still diabetic “restless leg syndrome” (RLS), so the  patient can sleep better: “It is recommended that patients use a  vaporizer or smoke cannabis to aid in falling asleep.”
In studies  THC essentially countered the effects of insulin resistance. These  results support previous findings that smoking cannabis can reduce blood  glucose in diabetics (Gallant, Odei-Addo, Frost, & Levendal, 2009).
Cannabidiol  protects retinal neurons by preserving glutamine synthetase activity in  diabetes. In current research on how to modulate cannabinoid receptors  in the human body, Dr. Gregory I. Liou, a molecular biologist at the  Medical College of Georgia, has found that cannabidiol (a cannabis  compound) could prevent the overabundance of leaky eye blood vessels  associated with diabetic retinopathy. As the leading cause of blindness  in the United States, diabetic retinopathy is a major health concern for  more than 16 million American adults.
Dr. Liou’s work, published in the January issue of the American Journal of Pathologyindicates  that cannabidiol can interrupt the destructive points of action in  diabetic animals. “What we believe cannabidiol does is go in here as an  antioxidant to neutralize the toxic superoxides. Number two, it inhibits  the self-destructive system and allows the self-produced endogenous  cannabinoids to stay there longer by inhibiting the enzyme that destroys  them.” Dr. Liou believes that cannabinoids act as a type of negotiator,  trying to keep peace, harmony and balance between a host of potentially  volatile and dangerous factions of cells. “Cannabinoids are trying to  ease the situation on both sides.”

Cannabis is neuroprotective.[15] It is believed that much of neuropathy comes from the inflammation of  nerves caused by glycoproteins in the blood that deposit in peripheral  tissues and trigger an immune response. Cannabis helps protect the nerve  covering (myelin sheath) from inflammatory attack. Cannabis also  lessens the pain of neuropathy by activating receptors in the body and  brain. Some components of cannabis (perhaps cannibidiol) act as  anti-spasmodic agents similar to the far more toxic anti-convulsants  like Neurontin. This action of cannabis helps relieve diabetic muscle  cramps and GI upset.
The Journal of the American College of Cardiology stated, “Collectively, our results strongly suggest that cannabidiol  may have tremendous therapeutic potential in the treatment of diabetic  cardiovascular and other complications.”[16]
References (16)

Dr. Mark Sircus AC., OMD, DM (P)

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CBD to the Rescue


CBD to the Rescue

 By Susan Boskey

Cannabidiol  (CBD) is everywhere today in health news. It has made cannabis  respectable, once again. As one of over 100 chemical compounds in the  cannabis plant and one that is non-psychoactive, CBD is a current  stand-out in the cannabis family.
Of course, it wasn’t always this  way. After 81 years of prohibition since the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act and  the more recent 1970 Controlled Substance Act in the U.S., CBD has  ushered in a renaissance of acceptance for the sacred plant (so-called  in India). This, despite continued federal designation of cannabis as a  “Schedule 1 drug” in the same category as heroin with criteria of: no  accepted medical value, not safe for medical use, and highly addictive.

Starting  at some point in the 1930s everything cannabis was lumped into the  basket of “evil weed,” vilified for its psychoactive properties. Given  the negative spotlight put on Black musicians and Hispanics in New  Orleans and New York, it was considered a menace to white folk, and as  seducing the young. [1] Panic over the plant was so palpable that cannabis as the medicine it always had been, didn’t stand a chance.
That was then and this is now. Evidence-based science is now showcased in the U.S. Government’s PubMed  peer-reviewed publications, adding credibility to the many beneficial  properties of and uses for CBD. First discovered in 1940 by an American  chemist, Roger Adams, [2], the cannabidiol molecule was more fully understood when Israeli scientist, Rafael Mechoulam, isolated it in 1963. [3]
In a report of the February 2013 issue of The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology  CBD is cited as “an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, anti-oxidant,  anti-emetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, with the potential for  the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, oxidative injury, vomiting  and nausea, anxiety and schizophrenia, respectively.”
The CBD  molecule is also neuroprotective. It protects the brain from certain  disease processes and degeneration while regulating neurotransmitter  function. This benefit to the brain is what caught the attention of the  government and, in 2003, led to their procuring U.S. Patent No.  6,630,507.
“It really puzzles me to see marijuana connected with  narcotics dope and all of that stuff. It is a thousand times better than  whiskey. It is an assistant and a friend.”  ~Louis Armstrong, American musician, 1901-1971

CBD  alters and lowers the overall psychoactive effect of THC, and is  additionally considered a potential remedy for psychotic effects, and  certain cognitive deficits such as PTSD and depression. Plus, it is  documented to help with arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, chronic  pain, antibiotic-resistant infections, and osteoporosis in women.
Thinking CBD is too good to be true? Think again.
The  reason CBD (and other cannabis molecules) can help a number of  different health conditions is because of its interface with the body’s  endocannabinoid system (ECS). Every mammal has one. It is a signaling  (communication) system that regulates the homeostasis (balance) of every  physiological system of the body. However, due to toxic build-up in our  bodies over time, the ECS can become deficient, lose effective  functioning and lead to various disease processes.

CBD, when used  as medicine, mimics many of the body’s naturally manufactured molecules  vital in the interface with the ECS for optimal function. Because its  external administration precisely mimics internally-made molecules, CBD  can reduce potential ECS deficiencies that may be triggering physical  and mental symptoms, and thereby restore efficacy of the ECS towards  needed homeostasis.
The only problem is that many people now believe  CBD is the good part of cannabis and THC is the bad part because of its  psychoactive effects. This could not be further from the truth. Yet such  thinking is easy to understand due to the stigma branded on cannabis,  and also for the fact we have been conditioned by a more reductionist  type of healthcare system – one drug for one organ or bodily system – to  think of a remedy in isolation of its plant context.
Throughout  ancient and modern history and until its prohibition, cannabis was  valued holistically, both hemp and marijuana. Medicinally, the whole  of the plant was used to ensure a synergistic and beneficial impact on a  person’s overall, general condition beyond symptom management. Called  the entourage effect, the interaction of the THC, CBD, and its other  equally beneficial but less understood compounds, accounts for why the  therapeutic use of cannabis provides relief to a wide variety of  conditions.
Those of us helping others use cannabis as medicine are  forever grateful to CBD for opening the door to the opportunity to  provide deeper education about the whole cannabis plant and its genuine healing gifts.

Susan is a 2018 graduate of the Holistic Cannabis Academy  with over 45 years of personal involvement in the spectrum of wellness  modalities. Her mission today is to intervene in the noise of modern  life and help people identify and remove stressors that trigger their  dis-ease while providing strategies towards a living experience of inner  calmness, contentment and inspiration.
Her curiosity about life, and  health in particular, fueled her determination to learn everything she  could and help others. Susan’s private practice (in-person and on Zoom)  is based on the paradigm of whole-person wellness, body, mind and soul,  and includes addressing lifestyle issues. As a non-physician coach she  enjoys the added flexibility of providing in-depth care plans for her  clients. Visit her website:

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Medical Marijuana for Ataxia Patients

 How can the cannabis plant help Ataxia patients and what is being done on the medical side with marijuana, read this 

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Illinois Can Now Swap rx Opioid Painkillers for Medical MJ


Illinois Residents Can Now Swap Prescription Opioid Painkillers for Medical Marijuana

Illinois Residents Can Now Swap Prescription Opioid Painkillers for Medical Marijuana
Elias Marat  

  • Feb 8, 2019

Illinois  residents will now be able to seek out medical marijuana as an  alternative to opioid painkillers through a new program allowing  patients with prescriptions for opioids to instead opt for temporary  access to the plant.
The Opioid Alternative Pilot Program was  approved by the state legislature in an overwhelming vote last year of  44-6 by lawmakers hoping to curb a deadly epidemic of overdoses that  claim over 100 lives per day.
In a statement, Illinois Department of Public Health spokesperson Melaney Arnold said:

“Along  with the physician certification, a passport-like photo, copy of  driver’s license/state ID, proof of Illinois address, and $10 payment is  required … The OAPP offers individuals who have been or could be  prescribed an opioid, another option for managing their pain.”

Under  the program, anyone qualifying for a prescription for common opioids  like Vicodin, OxyContin, or Percocet will be authorized to use cannabis,  be it in its dry herbal form or in its myriad derivatives such as  waxes, oils, or medicated food products.

The  measure removes a number of burdens related to the state’s medical  marijuana program, including requirements that applicants must be  fingerprinted and have their criminal backgrounds screened.
Patients  will be required to receive an Illinois Cannabis Tracking System  certification from their doctors, upon which they can register online  for a 90-day medical cannabis license that costs $10 and allows access  to a maximum of 2.5 ounces every two weeks.
Upon signing the bill  last August, Governor Bruce Rauner cited the massive scale of the  narcotics problem in the state along with the proven health benefits of  cannabis as reason for passing the law. The governor said:

“We’ve  got to do everything we can to stop this vicious epidemic … We are  creating an alternative to opioid addiction. … It’s clear that medical  marijuana treats pain effectively, and is less addictive and disruptive  than opioids.”

In recent years, drug overdose  deaths have reached monstrous proportions, with 65,000 fatal drug  overdoses taking place in 2017 alone. In 2016, almost 2,000 people in  Illinois died from narcotics overdoses – an 82 percent increase since  2013.
Many who abuse the pills have prolonged addictive fixations on  opioids, with the hardest-hit age group ranging from 25 to 34 years old.  Out of that age group, 12,325 died in 2017, among whom two-thirds were  men.
The program comes as data from various studies attest to the medical and health benefits of cannabis as a credible alternative to pharmaceutical drugs.

It also comes as recent court filings from a major lawsuit by the Massachusetts attorney general against Purdue Pharma,  the company responsible for making the OxyContin narcotic pill, reveal  how Big Pharma executives deliberately misled doctors and patients about  the dangerous and addictive nature of the opioid in hopes of maximizing  company profits.

Chris Stone, the owner of Illinois medical cannabis dispensary HCI Alternatives, told local news station WQAD 8 that he hopes authorities track the positive results that he’s sure will result from the program.
“Hopefully  as they take statistics on this and they see this program over the  first twelve months, be able to do the data mining and the research and  the surveying to hopefully see those deaths go down and the additional  cases go down,” he said.
In 1996, California became the first  state to legalize cannabis for medical use, and more than 30 states have  since done the same.

Illinois followed suit in 2013 with the  Compassionate Use of Medicinal Cannabis Pilot Program with 34,000 people  having been approved for the program as of 2018.

Ten states  along with Washington, D.C. have freed the herb almost entirely,  allowing adults over 21 to partake in the recreational use of marijuana.  However, cannabis remains illegal under U.S. federal law.

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Doctors Can Now GIVE Medical MJ RX INSTEAD OF Opioids


Doctors Can Now Recommend Medical Marijuana as a Replacement for Opioids

The  New York Department of Health has amended the state’s medical marijuana  program to include opioid prescription replacement and painkiller abuse  as qualifying conditions to access legal weed. In an effort to  combat the nation’s opioid abuse epidemic and provide citizens with  non-addictive tools to fight chronic pain, the New York Department Of  Health has amended the Empire State’s medical marijuana program to include opioid prescription replacement and painkiller abuse as qualifying conditions to access legal weed. The  new rules, effective immediately, were added as emergency regulations,  pushed forward by New York Health Commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker. The  anti-opioid measures were first introduced last month, and traditional  bureaucratic practices would have delayed implementation until August.  Bypassing those expected channels, the Department of Health intends to  enact the policy change as soon as possible. “Medical marijuana has  been shown to be an effective treatment for pain that may also reduce  the chance of opioid dependence,” Dr. Zucker detailed in a press release announcing  the emergency regulations. “Adding opioid replacement as a qualifying  condition for medical marijuana offers providers another treatment  option, which is a critical step in combating the deadly opioid epidemic  affecting people across the state.” New York first opened its medical marijuana program in  2016, with 12 qualifying conditions allowing cancer patients,  Alzheimer’s sufferers, and more to purchase cannabis pills, tinctures,  and vaporizers through state-licensed dispensaries. In the years since,  Empire State lawmakers and advocates have pushed to expand the program,  with a number of high-profile politicians now pushing to legalize the  plant for recreational use, too.  
In the meantime, though, the  addition of opioid-related qualifying conditions will theoretically  open access to medical cannabis to thousands upon thousands of New  Yorkers. According to  the [url=  Use of Marihuana_3.pdf]Department of Health’s emergency  regulations[/url], “registered practitioners may certify patients to use  medical marijuana as a replacement for opioids, provided that the  precise underlying condition for which an opioid would otherwise be  prescribed is stated on the patient’s certification. In addition, the  regulation adds opioid use disorder as an associated condition. This  allows patients with opioid use disorder who are enrolled in a certified  treatment program to use medical marijuana as an opioid replacement.” While scientific research has time-and-again found cannabis to be a near-miraculous replacement for opioid painkillers — not only in the treatment of pain, but in addiction rehabilitation — most medical marijuana programs across the country have stopped short of condoning weed as a direct replacement for pills. A similar bill that  would have allowed Colorado doctors to replace opioid prescriptions  with cannabis recommendations was shot down in the state legislature  earlier this year. And another bill in Illinois that would turn any  valid opioid prescription into a de facto MMJ recommendation has been sitting on the desk of Governor Bruce Rauner for months. New  York’s amended medical marijuana rules will become official at the end  of the month, on August 1st, where they will then be subject to a 60-day  public comment period. Source:
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Cannabis and Arthritis


Cannabis and Arthritis

Cannabis and Arthritis By Jeremy Kossen — 3/28/2016 📷 It’s  no secret: America’s baby boomers are aging, and one of the most common  ailments in older populations is arthritis. According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC), 53 million Americans have arthritis, with women making up 60 percent of the arthritis diagnoses. But what exactly is arthritis, and how can cannabis help it? What is Arthritis?“Arthritis”  is an umbrella term used to describe 200 rheumatic diseases affecting  the joints and their surrounding tissues. It causes inflammation and  stiffness that develops abruptly or gradually around one or more joints.  Causes and Forms of ArthritisAlthough  more common in seniors, arthritis can severely impair a person of any  age, leaving him or her unable to work or perform daily duties. In the  United States, arthritis is the most common cause of disability, and  high levels of stress and depression are often associated.  Genetics  may cause arthritis, along with obesity, joint damage, infections, and  occupations requiring repetitive bending or squatting. Dysfunction of  the immune system and an abnormal metabolism can also lead to various  forms of arthritis, though many rheumatoid diseases are caused by a  combination of factors. Forms of arthritis are broken into seven main categories:   

  1. Inflammatory arthritis — joints become inflamed for no apparent reason.  
  2. Degenerative or mechanical arthritis — the body tries remodeling the bone to restore stability. Osteoarthritis is an example.  
  3. Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain — pain felt in tissues rather than joints or bones, affecting overused body parts. For example, “tennis elbow.”  
  4. Back pain — unspecified pain associated with muscles, discs, nerves, ligaments, bones, or joints in the back such as osteoporosis.  
  5. Connective tissue disease — pain in tendons, ligaments, and cartilage characterized by inflammation of the skin, muscles, lungs, and kidneys.  
  6. Infectious arthritis  — inflammation in a joint caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi  (examples of causes include food poisoning, STDs, and Hepatitis C).  Antibiotics can usually treat it.  
  7. Metabolic arthritis — too much uric acid may form sharp crystals in a joint that cause sudden, excruciating pain. Gout is an example.  

Arthritis Treatment MethodsAlthough  they don’t heal joint inflammation, analgesics like Tylenol, Percocet,  and Vicodin may be prescribed to reduce pain along with creams  containing menthol or capsaicin. Over-the-counter non-steroidal  anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Advil, Motrin, or Aleve may be  taken to reduce pain and inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis is  treated with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) to prevent  the immune system from attacking inflamed joints. Corticosteroids like  prednisone and cortisone may also be prescribed to reduce inflammation  and suppress the immune system. Exercise can ease pain and stress levels for people with arthritis, but nearly a quarter of adults diagnosed with arthritis report being physically inactive. Dietary changes may manage arthritis, as meats and foods high in sugar can exacerbate inflammation.  How Cannabis Can Help ArthritisWhile  cannabis is classified as a Schedule I drug by the federal government,  meaning it’s considered highly addictive with no medical value and  research on it is severely restricted — a scientific consensus has  nevertheless emerged on its therapeutic value based on a growing body of  successful preclinical and clinical trials. To the delight of many,  those studies show that cannabis has anti-inflammatory effects that can  help arthritis patients live happier, healthier lives. Consequently,  cannabis is gaining popularity as a treatment for arthritis. Cannabis  can ease pain and reduce swelling without the potentially  life-threatening side effects caused by frequent NSAID or opiate use.  In  the summer of 2015, the Canadian Arthritis Society funded a three-year  research grant to a Dalhousie University researcher to determine if  marijuana can relieve pain or repair arthritic joints. Pain-detecting  nerves are filled with cannabinoid receptors, and according to researcher Jason McDougall, cannabinoids control the firing of pain signals from the joint to the brain  by sticking themselves to nerve receptors. Another controlled study,  conducted by the Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Disease in the  UK, showed that cannabinoids provided statistically significant improvements in pain on movement, pain at rest, and quality of sleep. At a time when opiate abuse has reached epidemic proportions,  cannabis treatment can be a far less harmful and less addictive way to  treat those suffering from chronic pain associated with arthritis.  According to Mike Hart, MD, head physician of the Ontario Chapter at  Marijuana for Trauma (MFT):  

“Cannabis is much more  effective and safer long term solution than opioids. The science is  clear and demonstrates that cannabis is far safer than opioids. In fact,  it’s not even close. Opioids have killed more people than all illegal  drugs combined, while cannabis has never killed a single person.”

Not  only is cannabis an effective alternative treatment to NSAIDs or  opiates, it can help people get off dangerous drugs such as opioids.  According to Dr. Hart, “I have literally helped hundreds of patients  reduce or eliminate their dependence on opioids.”  In  addition to increasing numbers of professionals within the medical  industry recognizing the therapeutic value of cannabis, the public has  also become more receptive to medical marijuana treatment. In January  2014, CBS News conducted a national poll finding that 86 percent of Americans believe doctors should be permitted to prescribe cannabis to patients who suffer from serious illnesses such as arthritis. As far back as 2004, the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), which boasts 35 million members, published a national poll revealing that 72 percent of seniors support allowing the use of doctor-recommended cannabis to treat patients. Do  you use medical marijuana to help manage your arthritis symptoms? If  so, which strains have you found help best? Share your recommendations  in the comments!  Thanks to: